The Slave Trade and Human Trafficking, ישעיהו כג:י-יח / Isaiah 23:10-18

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Isaiah 23:10-18 Concerning Tyre, the great city falling was not merely the result of Assyrian king’s desire for war and to conquer other nations. The reason for her fall was due to her pride, her wealth, and her disposition towards other nations, i.e., the slave trade and human trafficking can be used as an example. The God of Israel is...

Was the Virgin Birth an Invented Doctrine? ישעיהו ז:יד-כה / Isaiah 7:14-25

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Isaiah 7:14-25 Isaiah 7:14 is a verse of immense interest as the NT text according to Matthew 1:22-25 and Luke 1:26-35 uses this verse as a proof text for the Messiah of God being brought into this world through a virgin birth. It isn’t just that this verse is written into the record of the NT, but an angel of...

Another Name for Mashiach (Messiah), ישעיהו ח:א-י / Isaiah 8:1-10

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Isaiah 8:1-10 Something to note about Isaiah 8 is that all things are in God's hands. Here we read about another promise of hope (Isaiah 8:1-4), and also that of destruction (Isaiah 8:5-8) due to unfaithfulness and unrepentant sin. The theme continues, the pride of the people prevents them from trusting in the Lord God of Israel. Instead, they trust...

The Lack of Faith that Isaiah was Inspired by God, ישעיהו טז:ח-יד / Isaiah 16:8-14

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Isaiah 16:8-14 Previously, Isaiah 16:1-5 appears to be Isaiah pleading with Judah to take in the refugees of Moab. The remainder of these verses Isaiah 16:8-14 we see what happens in Judah’s response to the previous request. We note the messianic flavor of the TgJ which interprets the word כַר in Isaiah 16:1 is a reference to the Messiah (לִמשִיחָא)...

Death on a Massive Scale, Everyone is Ignoring the Warning Signs, ישעיהו כא:א-ט / Isaiah 21,1-9

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Isaiah 21:1-9 The next couple chapters (Isaiah 21:1-29 and 22:1-25) provide an illustration of the fearful expectation of evil (calamity) or expectation of death. Though these things are imminent, the people continue to party and carry on as if nothing is going to happen. This has applications for today from the sense of what is going on in countries around...

A Vision of God and Angels, ישעיהו ו:א-יג / Isaiah 6:1-13

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Isaiah 6:1-13 Pretty much every Commentary on Isaiah has a problem with the way Isaiah introduces chapter 6. They say that the first verse presents a serious problem being written very similar to Isaiah 1:1. The approach to Isaiah 1-5 was to lay down the groundwork concerning the major issues for the entire purpose of God's calling on Isaiah's life,...

Failing to Sanctify the Lord in Every Way, ישעיהו ח:יא-כג / Isaiah 8:11-23

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Isaiah 8:11-23 Here Isaiah continues with the word of the Lord and a very wise instruction to not walk in the way of these people. The people of Judah and Jerusalem have sought the way of the nations. The imagination of their hearts was always upon their idols. Even in the midst of their troubles, foreign nations are coming against...

Captivity to Pride – ישעיהו ד-ה:יג-ל / Isaiah 5:13-30, A Commentary

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Isaiah 5:13-30 ספר ישעיה פרק היג לָכֵן גָּלָה עַמִּי מִבְּלִי-דָעַת וּכְבוֹדוֹ מְתֵי רָעָב וַהֲמוֹנוֹ צִחֵה צָמָא: יד לָכֵן הִרְחִיבָה שְּׁאוֹל נַפְשָׁהּ וּפָעֲרָה פִיהָ לִבְלִי-חֹק וְיָרַד הֲדָרָהּ וַהֲמוֹנָהּ וּשְׁאוֹנָהּ וְעָלֵז בָּהּ: Isaiah 5:13 states, "Therefore my people are gone into captivity, (לָכֵן גָּלָה עַמִּי) because they have no knowledge: (מִבְּלִי-דָעַת) and their honourable men are famished, (וּכְבוֹדוֹ מְתֵי רָעָב) and their multitude...

Introduction to Isaiah – מבוא לישעיהו

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The book of Isaiah stands as a towering mountain in the midst of the biblical landscape! The events of Isaiah's life, his testimony, his prophecies, touch all of Scripture, the past, present, and future in biblical history. The most significant aspect of the book of Isaiah is his prophetic message of the promised Messiah! The approach we are going...

The Greatest Angels in Jewish Myths and Legends, ישעיהו טז:א-ז / Isaiah 16:1-7

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Isaiah 16:1-7 In Isaiah 15 the text was a lament to Moab which described her destruction. In Isaiah 16:1-5 there appears to be a plea on behalf of Moab to Judah because of her troubles. Isaiah 16:6-12 then appears to be a response to Isaiah 16:1-5. We note the contrast of Judah and Jerusalem between their fallen state and their...

ישעיהו ב:א-יא / Isaiah 2:1-11

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Isaiah 2:1-11 ספר ישעיה פרק בא הַדָּבָר֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר חָזָ֔ה יְשַֽׁעְיָ֖הוּ בֶּן־אָמ֑וֹץ עַל־יְהוּדָ֖ה וִירוּשָׁלִָֽם׃ Isaiah 2:1 states, “The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw (הַדָּבָר֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר חָזָ֔ה יְשַֽׁעְיָ֖הוּ בֶּן־אָמ֑וֹץ) concerning Judah and Jerusalem. (עַל־יְהוּדָ֖ה וִירוּשָׁלִָֽם).” It is interesting how Isaiah seems to repeat what we read according to Isaiah 1:1 The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he...

A Future Messianic Expectation, ישעיהו ז:א-יג / Isaiah 7:1-13

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Isaiah 7:1-13 According to most commentaries, Isaiah chapters 7-39 are centered around the theme of trust. There appears to be a significant amount of time Isaiah is spending on this subject due to this being a major theme throughout all of the Scriptures, trusting in God is foundational to our faith. Remember Yeshua said that he came to give abundance...

A Promised Messiah and a Description of God’s People, ישעיהו ד-ה:א-יב / Isaiah 4-5:1-12

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Isaiah 4:1-6 Isaiah draws to a conclusion his comments concerning the pride of Israel. We note that Isaiah began in chapter 2 declaring how in the last days Zion, God's holy mountain would be the chief of mountains, God's Torah (His instruction) would go forth to the nations, and the nations would flow to Him (see Isaiah 2:1-5). Notice how...

The Savagery of war, Judah and Jerusalem Destroyed, ישעיהו יג:יב-כב / Isaiah 13:12-22

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Isaiah 13:12-22 In the next set of verses, Isaiah provides a description of the savagery of war, how Judah and Jerusalem will be destroyed. We should be aware what it was like back in those days, and even today in some regions around the world with certain armies these things continue to take place today, such as the rape of...

The Messianic King, Divine Appointment, and Life from the Dead, ישעיהו יא:א-ט / Isaiah 11:1-9

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Isaiah 11:1-9 Here in Isaiah chapter 11, two verses are quoted in the NT text, Isaiah 11:2 in 1 Peter 4:14, and Isaiah 11:10 in Romans 15:12. According to Isaiah 11, we read the Messianic Expectation that was given us in Isaiah 7:14 where the King Messiah is ruling and offers peace, and life to a dead country, and victory...

Isaiah starts talking about Babylon, ישעיהו יג:א-יא / Isaiah 13:1-11

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Isaiah 13:1-11 The Christian commentaries have a major problem with the shift in narrative as we get into chapter 13 and Isaiah starts talking about Babylon. The reason being the relationship between these chapters is not clear in addition to Babylon only becoming a conquering nation 100 years after Isaiah. This difficulty is rooted in a lack of faith, not...

ישעיהו א:כא-לא / Isaiah 1:21-31

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Isaiah asks a very important question according to Isaiah 1:21. ספר ישעיה פרק אכא אֵיכָה֙ הָיְתָ֣ה לְזוֹנָ֔ה קִרְיָ֖ה נֶאֱמָנָ֑ה מְלֵאֲתִ֣י מִשְׁפָּ֗ט צֶ֛דֶק יָלִ֥ין בָּ֖הּ וְעַתָּ֥ה מְרַצְּחִֽים׃ Isaiah 1:21 states “How is the faithful city become an harlot! (אֵיכָה֙ הָיְתָ֣ה לְזוֹנָ֔ה קִרְיָ֖ה נֶאֱמָנָ֑ה) it was full of judgment; (מְלֵאֲתִ֣י מִשְׁפָּ֗ט) righteousness lodged in it; (צֶ֛דֶק יָלִ֥ין בָּ֖הּ) but now murderers. (וְעַתָּ֥ה מְרַצְּחִֽים)”...

ישעיהו ב:יב-כב / Isaiah 2:12-22

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Isaiah 2:12-22 The opening passages of Isaiah 2 speak of the mercy of God towards His people, as showing them mercy to draw them back to the Lord and of Jerusalem becoming great and from her will go forth God’s Torah (instruction). Within this promise God is making to Israel, he will lift Israel up to become a light to...

A Modern Day Parallel – ישעיהו ג:א-יג / Isaiah 3:1-13

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Isaiah 3:1-13 Isaiah 3 goes on speaking about what the Lord will do to those who continue in their pride. Because of their refusal to serve the Lord, to walk in His ways, and to turn away from idols, they will be made ashamed, and will serve people who are ruthless and will suffer great loss. Because of their lack...

Child Savior King,ישעיהו ט:א-י / Isaiah 9:1-10

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Isaiah 9:1-10 Chapter 9 is the end of the child savior king motif that Isaiah had begun in chapter 7. In Isaiah 7, we are told how Ahaz has led the people away from the Lord to trust not just in a foreign nation but also in their gods which lead to their ultimate destruction, depression, and continued war. The...

Faith that is Upside-down is One Outcome of Theology, ישעיהו יד:כב-לב / Isaiah 14:22-32

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Isaiah 14:22-32 Many commentators believe Isaiah talking about Babylon was a later redaction of the text. The prophecy of Isaiah however is connected to the previous prophetic words through the ongoing discussion about the pride of the people, the king, and the nation, and even of the angelic host, those demonic forces the nations serve. Those commentators who place this...

The Greek Text Describes Titans and Giants according to ישעיהו יז:א-ז / Isaiah 17:1-7

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Isaiah 17:1-7 In chapter 17, Isaiah speaks about Damascus and northern Israel. Commentators suggest that this was an earlier prophecy and question why this was placed here in chapter 17. They place this during the alliance that the king of Israel made with Syria in 735-732 BC. Isaiah 17:1-14 however continues the theme of trusting in God as opposed to...

Things that Lead to Emptiness, Depression, and great sorrow, and what to do, ישעיהו יז:ח-יד / Isaiah 17:8-14

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Isaiah 17:8-14 According to Isaiah 17:7, the prophet is speaking of the people coming to the Lord God of Israel, since the people are not able to rely upon their own strength (note Jeremiah 17:5-10 (i) cursed is the man who trusts in man, (ii) cursed is the man who makes the flesh/body his strength, (ii) cursed is the man...

God will bring to completion for Good or for Bad, ישעיהו י:יב-כב / Isaiah 10:12-22

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Isaiah 10:12-22 Pride and arrogance that we are reading about Israel, Judah, and Jerusalem was not restricted to the nation of Israel, but the foreign nations that God was bringing to afflict Israel due to her sins were also plagued by these things. This was why the Lord first speaks about what He will bring to completion in Israel, Judah,...

The Bible does not Teach against Preparing for the Future, ישעיהו טו:א-ט / Isaiah 15:1-9

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Isaiah 15:1-9 Isaiah chapter 15 appears to be an oracle against Moab. MOAB (מוֹאָב, mo'av). The geographical plateau east of the Dead Sea, south of the Arnon River, north of the Zered River, and west of the Arabian Desert. This region is described according to Bamidbar / Numbers 21:10-15. ספר במדבר פרק כאי וַיִּסְעוּ בְּנֵי יִשְֹרָאֵל וַיַּחֲנוּ בְּאֹבֹת: יא וַיִּסְעוּ מֵאֹבֹת...

Did Israel Reduce Gentiles to Slaves? ישעיהו יד:א-י / Isaiah 14:1-10

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Isaiah 14:1-10 In Isaiah 14:1-23 we read about the downfall of the king of Babylon. Here we find Isaiah writing a song concerning the downfall of the king according to verses 14:4-21. We note that since the chapter is within the context of chapter 13, and regarding what is written in Isaiah 14:4, Isaiah states explicitly מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל “king of...

The Land of Whirling Wings ישעיהו יח:א-ז / Isaiah 18:1-7

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Isaiah 18:1-7 Isaiah chapter 18 seems to be a more generalized oracle and opens with speaking about Cush (Ethiopia). As we moved down through Isaiah 18 the prophet speaks of a land divided by rivers. This seems to tie this oracle to Egypt since Chapter 19 is an oracle against Egypt. Modern commentaries however want to tie this chapter to...

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