Bits of Torah Truths, Parashat Shemini, He was Meant to Bear Away the Guilt of the Congregation


In this weeks reading from Parashat Shemini (Vayikra / Leviticus 9:1-11:47) Scripture states on the eighth day Moshe called Aaron and his sons and told them to take a bull for a Chatat Korban (Sin offering) and a ram for a Olah Korban (Whole burnt offering) and offer them before the Lord (א   וַיְהִי בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁמִינִי קָרָא מֹשֶׁה לְאַהֲרֹן וּלְבָנָיו וּלְזִקְנֵי יִשְֹרָאֵל: ב   וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל-אַהֲרֹן קַח-לְךָ עֵגֶל בֶּן-בָּקָר לְחַטָּאת וְאַיִל לְעֹלָה תְּמִימִם וְהַקְרֵב לִפְנֵי יְהוָֹה:).  Moshe also commanded that they are to take a male goat for a Chatat Korban, and a calf and a lamb for a Olah Korban, these are for the people. Aaron did these things, offering the Korbanot before the Lord by fire.  Vayikra / Leviticus 9:24 says כד   וַתֵּצֵא אֵשׁ מִלִּפְנֵי יְהֹוָה וַתֹּאכַל עַל-הַמִּזְבֵּחַ אֶת-הָעֹלָה וְאֶת-הַחֲלָבִים וַיַּרְא כָּל-הָעָם וַיָּרֹנּוּ וַיִּפְּלוּ עַל-פְּנֵיהֶם:   9:24 Then fire came out from before the Lord and consumed the burnt offering and the portions of fat on the altar; and when all the people saw it, they shouted and fell on their faces. (NASB)  Following the offerings, Nadav and Avihu offer strange fire in their firepans and before the Lord and die (10:1-5).  The Lord spoke to Aaron saying “Do not drink strong drink when you come into the Ohel Moed” (אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד, Tent of Meeting) so that you do not die.  The purpose for not drinking is to make a distinction between the holy and profane (between unclean and clean).  Moshe instructs Aaron and his sons to eat of the Mincha (grain) offering and the wave offering because it is their portion.  At this point Aaron and his sons do not eat the portion of meat and Moshe is angry, he says 10:17 ‘Why did you not eat the sin offering at the holy place? For it is most holy, and He gave it to you to bear away the guilt of the congregation, to make atonement for them before the Lord.  10:18 ‘Behold, since its blood had not been brought inside, into the sanctuary, you should certainly have eaten it in the sanctuary, just as I commanded.’ (NASB)  Following these things, the Lord gives the Mitzvot (commands) on Kashrut, the dietary laws relating to what foods are clean and unclean to eat,  11:47 to make a distinction between the unclean and the clean, and between the edible creature and the creature which is not to be eaten. (NASB)

כתבי הקודש / The Holy Scriptures         

ספר ויקרא פרק י

יז   מַדּוּעַ לֹא-אֲכַלְתֶּם אֶת-הַחַטָּאת בִּמְקוֹם הַקֹּדֶשׁ כִּי קֹדֶשׁ קָדָשִׁים הִוא וְאֹתָהּ | נָתַן לָכֶם לָשֵֹאת אֶת-עֲוֹן הָעֵדָה לְכַפֵּר עֲלֵיהֶם לִפְנֵי יְהוָֹה: יח   הֵן לֹא-הוּבָא אֶת-דָּמָהּ אֶל-הַקֹּדֶשׁ פְּנִימָה אָכוֹל תֹּאכְלוּ אֹתָהּ בַּקֹּדֶשׁ כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוֵּיתִי:

Vayikra / Leviticus 10:17-18

10:17 ‘Why did you not eat the sin offering at the holy place? For it is most holy, and He gave it to you to bear away the guilt of the congregation, to make atonement for them before the Lord.  10:18 ‘Behold, since its blood had not been brought inside, into the sanctuary, you should certainly have eaten it in the sanctuary, just as I commanded.’ (NASB)

According to the Scriptures this week, the goat that was slaughtered and placed upon the altar for the Chatat Korban is to be eaten by the priests (Aaron and his sons) to bear guilt and make atonement on behalf of the people before God.  In the book of Vayikra / Leviticus the important verses regarding the sin sacrifice are found in Vayikra / Leviticus 4:1-5:13, 6:17, 24-30, 9:7-17, 22-24, 10:16-20, and 21:21-28.  The sin offering is meant to make atonement for both known and unknown sins committed before God. (Note also Bamidbar / Numbers 15:30-31 states that the sin offering was of no avail in cases of defiant rebellion against God.)  The Chatat Korban was to make atonement (i) for high priest, a bull without blemish (Vayikra / Leviticus 4:3-12), (ii) for the congregation, a bull without blemish (Vayikra / Leviticus 4:13-21), (iii) for a ruler, a male goat without blemish (Vayikra / Leviticus 4:22-26), (iv) for a commoner, a female goat or female lamb, without blemish (Vayikra / Leviticus 4:27-35), (v) in cases of poverty, two turtledoves or two young pigeons (one for a sin offering, the other for a burnt offering) could be substituted (Vayikra / Leviticus 5:7-9), (vi) in cases of extreme poverty, fine flour could be substituted (Vayikra / Leviticus 6:11-13).  Hebrews 9:22 states “And according to the Law, one may almost say all things are cleansed with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.” (NASB)  These verses found here in Vayikra / Leviticus are some of the most important throughout all of Scripture.  The reason is the priest in the Temple service prefigures the Messiah bearing our sins, suffering outside of the gates of Jerusalem (Hebrews 13:11-13), and laying down his life (dying) to make atonement for our sins.  2 Corinthians 5:21 states “He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.” (NASB)  Based upon the Torah principle of the Chatat Korban, the Priest, and the Temple service, the Lord God Almighty has shown us His plan for atonement, forgiveness, and life everlasting.  Believing in Yeshua the Messiah we have forgiveness and atonement a gift of a very Merciful God.  Great is the Lord our God, and awesome are his ways!  Is there any reason not to believe  in him right now? BTT_Parashat Shemini-2013

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Dr. Duane D. Miller received his Ph.D., M.S., and B.S. Degree in Chemical Engineering from The University of Akron Ohio. He is currently a Chemical Engineering Researcher. Duane’s research expertise has focused upon functional materials development for the control, conversion, and release of process gases in Energy production technologies. His R&D interests include computational chemistry, developing novel technologies for converting biomass to fuels and studying their fundamental interactions during the chemical conversion process. His past experience includes sorbent development for pre- and post-combustion CO2 and SO2 capture, selective absorption of H2S from methane streams, O2 capture for oxy-fuel combustion, photocatalytic reduction of alcohols, NOx reduction catalysis, the development of oxygen carriers to combust fossil fuels (CH4 and coal) for the chemical looping combustion processes, and the extraction of rare earth elements using patent pending sorbents. His research expertise has focused on operando-characterization using Infrared, Raman, and UV-Vis spectroscopy to observe the nature of the catalytic active sites and reaction intermediates under realistic reaction conditions, allowing direct correlation of molecular/electronic structures with catalyst performance during Gas-Solid / Liquid-Solid Adsorption and Photocatalytic Processes with real time online analysis of reaction products using ICP-MS and mass spectrometry. His current work involves a multi-disciplinary approach to developing, understanding, and improving the catalytic gasification of coal and methane, high temperature chemical looping combustion, and the catalytic decomposition and gasification of biomass and coal using novel microwave reactor.​ He has been studying the Hebrew Scriptures and the Torah for 20+ years and sharing what he has learned. The studies developed for MATSATI.COM are freely to be used by everyone, to God be the Glory!