Bits of Torah Truths, Parshiot Vayakhel and Pekudei, In Christ even the Impossible is Possible

0
630

This weeks reading is a double portion from Parshiot Vayakhel and Pekudei (Exodus 35:1-40:38).  Moshe assembled the entire congregation of Yisrael and said “These are the things that the Lord has commanded you to do.” (NASB)  A contribution is to be made to the Lord like it was described in Parashat Terumah (35:5-26).  The Scriptures say that 35:21 Everyone whose heart stirred him and everyone whose spirit moved him came and brought the Lord’s contribution for the work of the tent of meeting and for all its service and for the holy garments. (NASB)  The scripture details the construction of the curtains (36:9-18) and the construction of the walls of the Tabernacle (36:19-37), construction of the Ark of the Covenant (37:1-15), construction of the utensils used for the daily sacrifice (37:16), construction of the menorah (37:17-22) construction of the altar of incense (37:25-29) and the altar for the burnt offering (38:1-7), and the laver (38:8).  The remainder of the reading details the construction of the court of the Tabernacle (38:38:9-20).  Moshe gives an accounting of the materials used in the construction of the Tabernacle constructed by Betzalel and Oholiab.  Following the construction of the Tabernacle, Moshe assembles everything, anoints them with oil, and commissions Aaron and his sons into the priestly service.

כתבי הקודש / The Holy Scriptures         

ספר שמות פרק מ
ח   וַיָּקֶם מֹשֶׁה אֶת-הַמִּשְׁכָּן וַיִּתֵּן אֶת-אֲדָנָיו וַיָּשֶֹם אֶת-קְרָשָׁיו וַיִּתֵּן אֶת-בְּרִיחָיו וַיָּקֶם אֶת-עַמּוּדָיו: יט   וַיִּפְרֹשֹ אֶת-הָאֹהֶל עַל-הַמִּשְׁכָּן וַיָּשֶֹם אֶת-מִכְסֵה הָאֹהֶל עָלָיו מִלְמָעְלָה כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהוָֹה אֶת-מֹשֶׁה:   ס   כ   וַיִּקַּח וַיִּתֵּן אֶת-הָעֵדֻת אֶל-הָאָרֹן וַיָּשֶֹם אֶת-הַבַּדִּים עַל-הָאָרֹן וַיִּתֵּן אֶת-הַכַּפֹּרֶת עַל-הָאָרֹן מִלְמָעְלָה: כא   וַיָּבֵא אֶת-הָאָרֹן אֶל-הַמִּשְׁכָּן וַיָּשֶֹם אֵת פָּרֹכֶת הַמָּסָךְ וַיָּסֶךְ עַל אֲרוֹן הָעֵדוּת כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהוָֹה אֶת-מֹשֶׁה:

Shemot / Exodus 40:18-21
40:18 Moses erected the tabernacle and laid its sockets, and set up its boards, and inserted its bars and erected its pillars.  40:19 He spread the tent over the tabernacle and put the covering of the tent on top of it, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.  40:20 Then he took the testimony and put it into the ark, and attached the poles to the ark, and put the mercy seat on top of the ark.  40:21 He brought the ark into the tabernacle, and set up a veil for the screen, and screened off the ark of the testimony, just as the Lord had commanded Moses. (NASB)

In Parashat Pekudei, we read that Moshe placed the Ten Commandments into the Ark of the Covenant and erected the Tabernacle according to Shemot / Exodus 40:20-21, כ   וַיִּקַּח וַיִּתֵּן אֶת-הָעֵדֻת אֶל-הָאָרֹן וַיָּשֶֹם אֶת-הַבַּדִּים עַל-הָאָרֹן וַיִּתֵּן אֶת-הַכַּפֹּרֶת עַל-הָאָרֹן מִלְמָעְלָה: כא   וַיָּבֵא אֶת-הָאָרֹן אֶל-הַמִּשְׁכָּן וַיָּשֶֹם אֵת פָּרֹכֶת הַמָּסָךְ וַיָּסֶךְ עַל אֲרוֹן הָעֵדוּת כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהוָֹה אֶת-מֹשֶׁה: 40:20 Then he took the testimony and put it into the ark, and attached the poles to the ark, and put the mercy seat on top of the ark.  40:21 He brought the ark into the tabernacle, and set up a veil for the screen, and screened off the ark of the testimony, just as the Lord had commanded Moses. (NASB)  It is interesting to note that the words “Ten Commandments” are never mentioned in the Hebrew Bible.  Looking at Shemot / Exodus 40:20 it says הָעֵדֻת meaning “the testimony” and in other places עֲשֶֹרֶת הַדְּבָרִים meaning “the ten words” or “ten utterances” (Shemot / Exodus 34:28, Devarim / Deuteronomy 4:13, 10:4).  The “Ten Commandments” are also referred to are as the “Two Stone Tablets” (Shemot / Exodus 34:4), “Tablets of the Torah” (Shemot / Exodus 24:12), “Tablets of Testimony” (Shemot / Exodus 31:18, 32:15, 34:29), or the “Tablets of the Covenant” (Shemot / Exodus 34:28, Devarim / Deuteronomy 4:13, 9:9, 11, 15, 1 Kings 8:9, and 2 Chronicles 5:10).  In the rabbinical writings, they are referred to as Aseret ha-dibrot (עשרת הדברות), and in Christian theology they are called the “Decalogue” derived from the Greek words “deca” (ten) and “logoi” (words).  The Scriptures suggest that the first tablet contained the first five words that identify our relationship with God and the second tablet contained the last five words which identify our relationship with other people.  Rabbinic tradition states that these words comprise a “distilled” subset of the Torah  commands that were revealed to Moshe on Sinai, in other words, all of the Torah can be categorized under one of these ten words.  Interestingly enough, the Scriptures themselves tend to distill the commandments of the Torah to more general principles that are fewer and fewer in number.  David reduced the Torah to eleven (Tehillim / Psalms 15), Isaiah reduced the number to six (Isaiah 33:15-16), Habakkuk reduced it to one saying “But the righteous shall live by his faith” (Habakkuk 2:4).  The Apostle Paul used the same technique reducing the commands to the same principle of faith (Romans 1:17, Galatians 3:11, and Hebrews 10:39).  This was a common practice in Judaism and Yeshua likewise stated that the requirements of God’s Torah can be summarized in the practice of loving God and loving one another.  What can we conclude from all of this?  Examining the Hebrew Scriptures in Exodus and Deuteronomy that list the 10 words, both begin with the word “I am” (אנכי) and both end with the word “for your neighbor” (לרעך). The opening and closing words state אנכי לרעך “I am your neighbor” interestingly indicating that what we have done for the least of these (our neighbor), we have done for the Lord Himself.  As we love our neighbor and even our enemies as ourselves, we are in effect demonstrating our love for the Lord.  This says we are to discard pride and walk humbly before the Lord and each other; only in Christ is this possible! BTT_Parashat Vayakhel-Pekudei-2013

Previous articleTehillim / Psalms 13, Part 1, My Heart will Rejoice in Your Salvation
Next articleTehillim / Psalms 13, Part 2, “My Heart will Rejoice in Your Salvation”
Dr. Duane D. Miller received his Ph.D., M.S., and B.S. Degree in Chemical Engineering from The University of Akron Ohio. He is currently a Chemical Engineering Researcher. Duane’s research expertise has focused upon functional materials development for the control, conversion, and release of process gases in Energy production technologies. His R&D interests include computational chemistry, developing novel technologies for converting biomass to fuels and studying their fundamental interactions during the chemical conversion process. His past experience includes sorbent development for pre- and post-combustion CO2 and SO2 capture, selective absorption of H2S from methane streams, O2 capture for oxy-fuel combustion, photocatalytic reduction of alcohols, NOx reduction catalysis, the development of oxygen carriers to combust fossil fuels (CH4 and coal) for the chemical looping combustion processes, and the extraction of rare earth elements using patent pending sorbents. His research expertise has focused on operando-characterization using Infrared, Raman, and UV-Vis spectroscopy to observe the nature of the catalytic active sites and reaction intermediates under realistic reaction conditions, allowing direct correlation of molecular/electronic structures with catalyst performance during Gas-Solid / Liquid-Solid Adsorption and Photocatalytic Processes with real time online analysis of reaction products using ICP-MS and mass spectrometry. His current work involves a multi-disciplinary approach to developing, understanding, and improving the catalytic gasification of coal and methane, high temperature chemical looping combustion, and the catalytic decomposition and gasification of biomass and coal using novel microwave reactor.​ He has been studying the Hebrew Scriptures and the Torah for 20+ years and sharing what he has learned. The studies developed for MATSATI.COM are freely to be used by everyone, to God be the Glory!