Bits of Torah Truths, Parashat Tzav, The Priest, The Messiah and Atonement for Sin


In this weeks reading from Parashat Tzav (Vayikra / Leviticus 6:1-8:36) the Lord speaks to Moshe saying when a person steals, cheats, or extorts another person he is to restore what he took and make restitution for it and add one-fifth more.  Then the man is to bring his offering to the priest to make atonement before the Lord כו   וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן לִפְנֵי יְהוָֹה וְנִסְלַח לוֹ עַל-אַחַת מִכֹּל אֲשֶׁר-יַעֲשֶֹה לְאַשְׁמָה בָהּ: 6:7 and the priest shall make atonement for him before the Lord, and he will be forgiven for any one of the things which he may have done to incur guilt. (NASB)  The תּוֹרַת (law) of the Minchah Korban (Grain Offering, מנחת קורבן), Aaron is to present it before the Lord at the altar (6:14-18) the grain is food for the sons of Aaron.  The תּוֹרַת (law) of the Chatat Korban (Sin Offering, חטאת קורבן) is the it is to be eaten in the place where the burnt offering is slain before the Lord (6:25), the priest who offers it is to eat it in the court of the Tent of Meeting (אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד).  The תּוֹרַת (law) of the Asham Korban (Guilt Offering, אשם קורבן) is to be slain in the same placed the burnt offering is slain (7:1-2).  The fat and the kidneys are offered upon the altar for the Asham Korban (7:3-5).  The תּוֹרַת (law) of the Shelamim Korban (Peace Offering, שלמים קורבן) is given (7:11-13).  This is an offering of thanksgiving, one is to bring it with the cakes of unleavened bread and the person is to present one of every offering as a contribution to the Lord (7:13-16) and all of the flesh of the offering is to be eaten up by morning (7:17-19).  If a person eats of the Shelamim korban while he is unclean he is to be cut off from his people (7:20-21).  The Lord then commanded Moshe to consecrate Aaron and his sons for the service of the Lord before all of the people.  In the process of consecration, Aaron and his sons offered up each of the five types of Korbanot (i) the Olah Korban, (ii) the Minchah Korban, (iii) the Shelamim Korban, (iv) the Chatat Korban, and (v) the Asham Korban before God (8:6-36).  All of these offerings were commanded of the Lord to make atonement on our behalf.

כתבי הקודש / The Holy Scriptures  

ספר ויקרא פרק ו
יז  וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָֹה אֶל-מֹשֶׁה לֵּאמֹר: יח  דַּבֵּר אֶל-אַהֲרֹן וְאֶל-בָּנָיו לֵאמֹר זֹאת תּוֹרַת הַחַטָּאת בִּמְקוֹם אֲשֶׁר תִּשָּׁחֵט הָעֹלָה תִּשָּׁחֵט הַחַטָּאת לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה קֹדֶשׁ קָדָשִׁים הִוא: יט  הַכֹּהֵן הַמְחַטֵּא אֹתָהּ יֹאכֲלֶנָּה בְּמָקוֹם קָדשׁ תֵּאָכֵל בַּחֲצַר אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד: כ  כֹּל אֲשֶׁר-יִגַּע בִּבְשָֹרָהּ יִקְדָּשׁ וַאֲשֶׁר יִזֶּה מִדָּמָהּ עַל-הַבֶּגֶד אֲשֶׁר יִזֶּה עָלֶיהָ תְּכַבֵּס בְּמָקוֹם קָדשׁ: כא  וּכְלִי-חֶרֶשֹ אֲשֶׁר תְּבֻשַּׁל-בּוֹ יִשָּׁבֵר וְאִם-בִּכְלִי נְחשֶׁת בֻּשָּׁלָה וּמֹרַק וְשֻׁטַּף בַּמָּיִם:

Vayikra / Leviticus 6:24-27
6:24 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 6:25 ‘Speak to Aaron and to his sons, saying, ‘This is the law of the sin offering: in the place where the burnt offering is slain the sin offering shall be slain before the Lord; it is most holy.  6:26 ‘The priest who offers it for sin shall eat it. It shall be eaten in a holy place, in the court of the tent of meeting.  6:27 ‘Anyone who touches its flesh will become consecrated; and when any of its blood splashes on a garment, in a holy place you shall wash what was splashed on. (NASB)

According to the Scriptures from Parashat Tzav we read יט  הַכֹּהֵן הַמְחַטֵּא אֹתָהּ יֹאכֲלֶנָּה בְּמָקוֹם קָדשׁ תֵּאָכֵל בַּחֲצַר אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד: 6:26 ‘The priest who offers it for sin shall eat it. It shall be eaten in a holy place, in the court of the tent of meeting.(NASB)  The scriptures say that this is the Law of the sin offering, it is to be slain in the place the whole burnt offering is slain (“at the entrance to the tent of meeting,” Vayikra / Leviticus 1:3), it is most holy, anyone who touches the offering is consecrated and the priest who offers the sin offering is to eat the sin offering in a holy place.  Later on in the book of Leviticus we learn the importance of the Sin offering according to Vayikra / Leviticus 10:17-18, Moshe says Vayikra / Leviticus 10:17 ‘Why did you not eat the sin offering at the holy place? For it is most holy, and He gave it to you to bear away the guilt of the congregation, to make atonement for them before the Lord.  10:18 ‘Behold, since its blood had not been brought inside, into the sanctuary, you should certainly have eaten it in the sanctuary, just as I commanded.’ (NASB)    In Vayikra / Leviticus 10:16-18, Moshe is upset because the goat of the sin offering had been burned up and Aaron and his sons Eleazar and Ithamar have not eaten the offering.  The Scriptures say the importance of eating the Sin offering is for “bearing away the guilt of the one bringing the offering” and making atonement before the Lord.  Moshe says “Why did you not eat the sin-offering in the holy place?” (מדוע לא אכלתם את החטאת במקום הקדש) In the Scriptures (see Vayikra / Leviticus 10:16-18, Vayikra / Leviticus 6:24-26, Shemot / Exodus 28:38, and Bamidbar / Numbers 18:1) again and again the requirement of the priest having to consume a portion of the sacrifice is stated.  Isn’t it interesting, Yeshua, our sin sacrifice was slain outside the holy place, he internalized our sin (being cursed upon the cross, Devarim / Deuteronomy 21:23) and brought our atonement in blood before God.  According to the Torah Yeshua, the Priest, The Messiah (הַכֹּהֵן הַמָּשִׁיח) went to the cross, to be cursed, so that He could bear our sins as it is written in the Torah command.  Today, atonement and forgiveness of sins is found by faith in Yeshua the Messiah!  Praise the Lord!

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Dr. Duane D. Miller received his Ph.D., M.S., and B.S. Degree in Chemical Engineering from The University of Akron Ohio. He is currently a Chemical Engineering Researcher. Duane’s research expertise has focused upon functional materials development for the control, conversion, and release of process gases in Energy production technologies. His R&D interests include computational chemistry, developing novel technologies for converting biomass to fuels and studying their fundamental interactions during the chemical conversion process. His past experience includes sorbent development for pre- and post-combustion CO2 and SO2 capture, selective absorption of H2S from methane streams, O2 capture for oxy-fuel combustion, photocatalytic reduction of alcohols, NOx reduction catalysis, the development of oxygen carriers to combust fossil fuels (CH4 and coal) for the chemical looping combustion processes, and the extraction of rare earth elements using patent pending sorbents. His research expertise has focused on operando-characterization using Infrared, Raman, and UV-Vis spectroscopy to observe the nature of the catalytic active sites and reaction intermediates under realistic reaction conditions, allowing direct correlation of molecular/electronic structures with catalyst performance during Gas-Solid / Liquid-Solid Adsorption and Photocatalytic Processes with real time online analysis of reaction products using ICP-MS and mass spectrometry. His current work involves a multi-disciplinary approach to developing, understanding, and improving the catalytic gasification of coal and methane, high temperature chemical looping combustion, and the catalytic decomposition and gasification of biomass and coal using novel microwave reactor.​ He has been studying the Hebrew Scriptures and the Torah for 20+ years and sharing what he has learned. The studies developed for MATSATI.COM are freely to be used by everyone, to God be the Glory!