Quantum Negativity’ can Power Ultra-Precise Measurements – A Spiritual Insight

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Scientists have recently published a paper that discusses the concept of “quantum negativity” [1] and it is claimed this may be used to take more precise measurements of everything, from molecular distances to gravitational waves. A collaborative team of researchers from the University of Cambridge, Harvard, and MIT, were able to show how quantum particles are capable of carrying an unlimited amount of information concerning things they interact with. This new discovery is said to allow for more precise measurements as well as power new technologies in areas of microscopy and quantum computing.

References

  1. David R. M. Arvidsson-Shukur, Nicole Yunger Halpern, Hugo V. Lepage, Aleksander A. Lasek, Crispin H. W. Barnes & Seth Lloyd, “Quantum advantage in postselected metrology,” Nature Communications 11  (2020), 3773. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-17559-w

In quantum chemistry there is something called the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle. The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle is a fundamental theory in quantum mechanics (one of the first things a student is taught) that defines why a scientist cannot measure multiple quantum variables simultaneously. Until the dawn of quantum mechanics, it was held as a fact that all variables of an object could be known to exact precision simultaneously for any given moment. Newtonian physics placed no limits on how better procedures and techniques could reduce measurement uncertainty so that it was conceivable that with proper care and accuracy all information could be defined. Heisenberg made the bold proposition that there is a lower limit to this precision making our knowledge of a particle inherently uncertain. After de Broglie proposed the wave nature of matter, many physicists, including Schrödinger and Heisenberg, explored the consequences. The idea quickly emerged that, because of the wave nature of a particle at the quantum level, a particle’s trajectory and destination cannot be precisely predicted for each particle individually. However, each particle does go to a definite place. After running enough experiments and compiling enough data, researchers defined a statistical distribution related to the particle’s wavelength and diffraction pattern. This led to the idea that there is a certain probability of finding the particle at a given location or region, and the overall pattern is called a probability distribution. Those who developed quantum mechanics devised equations that predicted the probability distribution in various circumstances to explain the results of the quantum world, such as the electron, its probability of being in a particular region of space, molecular bonding (orbitals and hybridizations), etc. 

In the research paper, the scientists mentioned the concept of Metrology being improved due to this quantum negativity probability. Metrology is the scientific study of measurement. It establishes a common understanding of units, conversions, and measurement that are crucial in linking human activities. It is believed this idea of quantum negativity can offer more precise measurements. In the experimental setup of metrology, one needs to design a probe to measure a physical property, such as weight (a scale) and temperature (thermometer or thermocouple). In the application of quantum negativity, the quantum particle becomes the probe, which can be controlled at the subatomic level. These particles are made to interact with the object being measured and then are analyzed with a detector. In theory, the larger number of probing particles, the more information will be available for the detection device. In the practical application of this technology, there is a limit on the rate of detection due to the limitations of the sensor (its sampling rate). The researchers use a method of filtering the quantum information and show that these particles can be condensed (analogous to data compression) where the compression ratio is 1,000,000 to 1. This suggests the detection devices can operate at their ideal sampling rate while receiving information at much higher rates. This is forbidden according to normal probability theory, however, quantum negativity makes this possible. In quantum mechanics, negativity is a measure of quantum entanglement which is easy to compute. It is a measure deriving from the Peres–Horodecki criterion (PPT) for separability. It has shown to be an entanglement monotone and hence a proper measure of entanglement.

According to the research paper, scientists developed a single quantum photon laser to demonstrate this incredibly precise measurement of optical components. This type of technology is essential for the further development of quantum computers. Quantum metrology can improve measurements of things like distances, angles, temperature, and magnetic fields. The more precision that we obtain in measurement the better we are able to probe fundamental physics and gain greater understanding of the material world. For example, many technologies rely on precise alignment of components for sensing electric fields or magnetic fields. Higher precision in alignment may allow for more precise microscopes and telescopes, and spectroscopic techniques. Quantum metrology is currently used to enhance the precision of gravitational wave detection in the Nobel Prize winning LIGO Hanford Observatory. This technique has originally been expensive to implement and thus out of reach for many technologies. These new published results offer a less expensive way of performing quantum metrology. Quantum physics enhances the scientific disciplines such as metrology, computational technology, cryptography, and more. This paper demonstrates how quantum physics enables one to extract a greater sampling rate (more information) from experiments than we are able to do using classical physics. The proof of these concepts is found in the quantum statistical probabilities that can assume real, negative, and non-real (imaginary) components, all these are valid mathematical constructs. Quantum states may be represented by quasiprobability distributions and extensions of classical probability distributions. It is important to note that in classical statistical mechanics, probabilities are real and nonnegative. Quasi-probabilities on the other hand can assume negative and nonreal (imaginary / complex) values. Quasi-probabilities’ negativity stems from the impossibility of representing quantum states with joint probability distributions. The distribution that was used in the paper was an extension of the Kirkwood–Dirac distribution, which led to signals which are not commutable (i.e. mathematical idea of commutation, i.e. 5 * 4 = 4 * 5 = 20) due to the presence of negative or nonreal quasiprobabilities. The study of Quantum Negativity using this distribution allows for post-selection to increase the Fisher information above the values available from standard input and measurement optimized experiments. (In mathematical statistics, the Fisher information (sometimes simply called information) is a way of measuring the amount of information that an observable random variable X carries about an unknown parameter θ of a distribution that models X. Formally, it is the variance of the score, or the expected value of the observed information.) Such an anomalous Fisher information can improve the rate of information gain to experimental cost, offering a genuine quantum advantage in metrology.

The Spiritual Insights that we receive from this type of research is related to the mathematical constructs in Quantum Mechanics on this topic of Quantum negativity. The recent publication [1] describes the proof of concept using quantum statistical probabilities that can assume real, negative, and non-real (imaginary) components, all these are valid mathematical constructs. As we know, Quantum states may be represented by quasiprobability distributions and extensions of classical probability distributions. In classical statistical mechanics, probabilities are real and nonnegative, however in the framework of quantum entanglement one uses Quasi-probabilities which are able to assume negative and nonreal (imaginary / complex) values. This mathematical construct allows for greater information processing for higher precision in Metrology, the process of measurement. How this corresponds to the “Spiritual Insight” is in the sense of comparing our lives with or without interaction with the Creator God in Heaven.  The effect of the Lord God in our lives, and our faith in Yeshua, increases our capabilities exponentially in this life in that we are able to perceive (sense, understand) things beyond what those who do not have the Spirit of the Lord and Yeshua in their lives are capable of. There are many examples that one may use to demonstrate this from the Scriptures, but the one I want to look at today is related to the topic of fear. From a modern Hebrew perspective, the following words are used to describe fear.

(61% of use)    noun פַּחַד, “fright, dismay, dread, terror, consternation”

(14% of use)    verb לַחֲשׁוֹשׁ, “be afraid, be anxious, apprehend”

(10% of use)    noun חֲשָׁשׁ, “apprehension, anxiety, misgiving”

(8% of use)     verb לִפְחוֹד, be afraid, funk, dread”

(6% of use)     verb לְפַחֵד, be afraid, be scared, frighten, apprehend, dread”

(1% of use)     noun אֵימָה, terror, dread, alarm, luridness, menace”

(rare)     noun יִראָה, awe, dread”

More words which are rare: noun דְחִילָה, awe, anxiety, noun אֵימָתָה, dread, noun מוֹרָא, awe, reverence, fright, respect, noun בְּעָתָה, horror, panic, consternation, noun דְאָגָה, concern, worry, care, anxiety, solicitude, verb לִירוֹא, be afraid of, apprehend, verb לִדאוֹג, worry, be concerned, be anxious, dread, fret, noun מְגוֹרָה, fright, terror

The Bible mentions two specific types of fear which are related to the words that we find in the Bible, פַּחַד “fright, dismay, dread, terror, consternation” and יִראָה “awe, dread.” These types of fear are either beneficial, something we need, or something detrimental, something that we are to overcome. Examples of this are found in the following Scriptures.

ספר תהילים פרק קיא

י   רֵאשִׁית חָכְמָה | יִרְאַת יְהֹוָה שֵֹכֶל טוֹב לְכָל-עֹשֵֹיהֶם תְּהִלָּתוֹ עֹמֶדֶת לָעַד: 

Tehillim / Psalms 111:10

111:10 The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom; A good understanding have all those who do His commandments; His praise endures forever. (NASB)

ספר משלי פרק א

ז   יִרְאַת יְהֹוָה רֵאשִׁית דָּעַת חָכְמָה וּמוּסָר אֱוִילִים בָּזוּ:

Mishley / Proverbs 1:7

1:7 The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge; Fools despise wisdom and instruction. (NASB)

ספר משלי פרק יד

כו   בְּיִרְאַת יְהֹוָה מִבְטַח-עֹז וּלְבָנָיו יִהְיֶה מַחְסֶה: כז   יִרְאַת יְהֹוָה מְקוֹר חַיִּים לָסוּר מִמֹּקְשֵׁי מָוֶת:

Mishley / Proverbs 14:26-27

14:26 In the fear of the Lord there is strong confidence, And his children will have refuge. 14:27 The fear of the Lord is a fountain of life, That one may avoid the snares of death. (NASB)

Now the word used for fear in these verses is the word יִראָה and this type of fear does not necessarily mean that we are to be afraid of something. Rather it is in the sense of being in awe of God, in reverence for His power and His glory! This is the proper respect that we are to have for Him and His commands as fear (יִראָה) is being used. To live this type of fear properly is by acknowledging all that God is as being holy, righteous, and just, and this comes through studying God’s Word and knowing Him and His attributes of mercy and grace, and by walking in His Son Yeshua the Messiah!  This type of fear brings blessing and benefits as from the sense of wisdom and understanding (Tehillim / Psalms 111:10). Solomon said that fools despise wisdom and discipline (Mishley / Proverbs 19:23). Furthermore, the fear of the Lord leads to life, rest, peace, and contentment according to Solomon in Mishley / Proverbs 19:23 (כג   יִרְאַת יְהֹוָה לְחַיִּים וְשָֹבֵעַ יָלִין בַּל-יִפָּקֶד רָע: 19:23 The fear of the Lord leads to life, So that one may sleep satisfied, untouched by evil. NASB) The fear of the Lord is the foundation of life (Mishley / Proverbs 14:27) and provides us a place of security and a foundation stone to stand upon. (Mishley / Proverbs 14:26) Moshe wrote the following according to Devarim / Deuteronomy 10:12-13.

ספר דברים פרק י

יב   וְעַתָּה יִשְֹרָאֵל מָה יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ שֹׁאֵל מֵעִמָּךְ כִּי אִם-לְיִרְאָה אֶת-יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לָלֶכֶת בְּכָל-דְּרָכָיו וּלְאַהֲבָה אֹתוֹ וְלַעֲבֹד אֶת-יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּכָל-לְבָבְךָ וּבְכָל-נַפְשֶׁךָ: יג   לִשְׁמֹר אֶת-מִצְוֹת יְהוָֹה וְאֶת-חֻקֹּתָיו אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי מְצַוְּךָ הַיּוֹם לְטוֹב לָךְ:

Devarim / Deuteronomy 10:12-13

10:12 ‘Now, Israel, what does the Lord your God require from you, but to fear the Lord your God, to walk in all His ways and love Him, and to serve the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul, 10:13 and to keep the Lord’s commandments and His statutes which I am commanding you today for your good? (NASB)

In this statement, Moshe writes that the Lord requires us to fear Him (yirat HaShem, לְיִרְאָה אֶת-יְהֹוָה) if we learn to fear the Lord then and only then are we able to walk (לָלֶכֶת) in His ways, to love (וּלְאַהֲבָה) Him and to serve (וְלַעֲבֹד) Him with all of our heart and soul (בְּכָל-לְבָבְךָ וּבְכָל-נַפְשֶׁךָ). Notice how this idea of fearing the Lord leads to all of these things, and in addition, the fear of the Lord is placed first in this sentence, showing us how doing so will cause us to walk in the light and not in darkness, evil, and shame. (Tehillim / Psalms 111:10, Mishley / Proverbs 1:7, 9:10, 10:27, 14:27, 15:33, 16:6) The antithesis of this is פַּחַד meaning “fright, dismay, dread, terror, consternation.” Performing a search on the word פַּחַד in the Hebrew Bible leads to numerous results as shown below (truncated list).

שמואל א יא 7 לִבְקָרוֹ וַיִּפֹּל פַּֽחַד־יְהוָה עַל־הָעָם וַיֵּצְאוּ כְּאִישׁ אֶחָֽד

ישעיה ב 10 בּוֹא בַצּוּר וְהִטָּמֵן בֶּֽעָפָר מִפְּנֵי פַּחַד יְהוָה וּמֵהֲדַר גְּאֹנֽוֹ

ישעיה ב 19 וּבָאוּ בִּמְעָרוֹת צֻרִים וּבִמְחִלּוֹת עָפָר מִפְּנֵי פַּחַד יְהוָה וּמֵהֲדַר גְּאוֹנוֹ בְּקוּמוֹ לַעֲרֹץ הָאָֽרֶץ

ישעיה ב 21 לָבוֹא בְּנִקְרוֹת הַצֻּרִים וּבִסְעִפֵי הַסְּלָעִים מִפְּנֵי פַּחַד יְהוָה וּמֵהֲדַר גְּאוֹנוֹ בְּקוּמוֹ לַעֲרֹץ הָאָֽרֶץ

ישעיה כד 17 פַּחַד וָפַחַת וָפָח עָלֶיךָ יוֹשֵׁב הָאָֽרֶץ

ירמיה ל 5 כִּי־כֹה אָמַר יְהוָה קוֹל חֲרָדָה שָׁמָעְנוּ פַּחַד וְאֵין שָׁלֽוֹם

ירמיה מח 43 פַּחַד וָפַחַת וָפָח עָלֶיךָ יוֹשֵׁב מוֹאָב נְאֻם־יְהוָֽה

ירמיה מט 5 הִנְנִי מֵבִיא עָלַיִךְ פַּחַד נְאֻם־אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה צְבָאוֹת מִכָּל־סְבִיבָיִךְ וְנִדַּחְתֶּם אִישׁ לְפָנָיו וְאֵין מְקַבֵּץ לַנֹּדֵֽד

תהלים יד 5 שָׁם פָּחֲדוּ פָחַד כִּֽי־אֱלֹהִים בְּדוֹר צַדִּֽיק

תהלים לו 2 נְאֻֽם־פֶּשַׁע לָרָשָׁע בְּקֶרֶב לִבִּי אֵֽין־פַּחַד אֱלֹהִים לְנֶגֶד עֵינָֽיו

תהלים נג 6 שָׁם פָּֽחֲדוּ־פַחַד לֹא־הָיָה פָחַד כִּֽי־אֱלֹהִים פִּזַּר עַצְמוֹת חֹנָךְ הֱבִשֹׁתָה כִּֽי־אֱלֹהִים מְאָסָֽם

תהלים קיט 161 שָׂרִים רְדָפוּנִי חִנָּם (ומדבריך) וּמִדְּבָרְךָ פָּחַד לִבִּֽי

איוב ג 25 כִּי פַחַד פָּחַדְתִּי וַיֶּאֱתָיֵנִי וַאֲשֶׁר יָגֹרְתִּי יָבֹא לִֽי

איוב ד 14 פַּחַד קְרָאַנִי וּרְעָדָה וְרֹב עַצְמוֹתַי הִפְחִֽיד

איוב כב 10 עַל־כֵּן סְבִיבוֹתֶיךָ פַחִים וִֽיבַהֶלְךָ פַּחַד פִּתְאֹֽם

איוב לא 23 כִּי פַחַד אֵלַי אֵיד אֵל וּמִשְּׂאֵתוֹ לֹא אוּכָֽל

איוב לט 16 הִקְשִׁיחַ בָּנֶיהָ לְּלֹא־לָהּ לְרִיק יְגִיעָהּ בְּלִי־פָֽחַד

איכה ג 47 פַּחַד וָפַחַת הָיָה לָנוּ הַשֵּׁאת וְהַשָּֽׁבֶר

אסתר ח 17 מִֽתְיַהֲדִים כִּֽי־נָפַל פַּֽחַד־הַיְּהוּדִים עֲלֵיהֶֽם

אסתר ט 3 וְכָל־שָׂרֵי הַמְּדִינוֹת וְהָאֲחַשְׁדַּרְפְּנִים וְהַפַּחוֹת וְעֹשֵׂי הַמְּלָאכָה אֲשֶׁר לַמֶּלֶךְ מְנַשְּׂאִים אֶת־הַיְּהוּדִים כִּֽי־נָפַל פַּֽחַד־מָרְדֳּכַי עֲלֵיהֶֽם

דברי הימים ב יד 13 וַיַּכּוּ אֵת כָּל־הֶֽעָרִים סְבִיבוֹת גְּרָר כִּי־הָיָה פַֽחַד־יְהוָה עֲלֵיהֶם וַיָּבֹזּוּ אֶת־כָּל־הֶעָרִים כִּֽי־בִזָּה רַבָּה הָיְתָה בָהֶֽם

דברי הימים ב יז 10 וַיְהִי פַּחַד יְהוָה עַל כָּל־מַמְלְכוֹת הָֽאֲרָצוֹת אֲשֶׁר סְבִיבוֹת יְהוּדָה וְלֹא נִלְחֲמוּ עִם־יְהוֹשָׁפָֽט

דברי הימים ב יט 7 וְעַתָּה יְהִי פַֽחַד־יְהוָה עֲלֵיכֶם שִׁמְרוּ וַעֲשׂוּ כִּֽי־אֵין עִם־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ עַוְלָה וּמַשֹּׂא פָנִים וּמִקַּח־שֹֽׁחַד

דברי הימים ב כ 29 וַיְהִי פַּחַד אֱלֹהִים עַל כָּל־מַמְלְכוֹת הָאֲרָצוֹת בְּשָׁמְעָם כִּי נִלְחַם יְהוָה עִם אוֹיְבֵי יִשְׂרָאֵֽל

מתי ב 22 אֲבָל בְּשָׁמְעוֹ כִּי אַרְכֵלָאוֹס מוֹלֵךְ בִּיהוּדָה בִּמְקוֹם הוֹרְדוֹס אָבִיו, פָּחַד לָלֶכֶת לְשָׁם. לְאַחַר שֶׁהֻזְהַר בַּחֲלוֹם יָצָא אֶל סְבִיבוֹת הַגָּלִיל.

מתי יד 30 אוּלָם כְּשֶׁרָאָה אֶת הָרוּחַ הַסּוֹעֶרֶת פָּחַד וְהֵחֵל לִשְׁקֺעַ. הוּא צָעַק: “אֲדוֹנִי, הַצֵּל אוֹתִי!”

מתי כז 54 שַׂר הַמֵּאָה וְהָאֲנָשִׁים אֲשֶׁר אִתּוֹ, הַשּׁוֹמְרִים אֶת יֵשׁוּעַ, כִּרְאוֹתָם אֶת רְעִידַת הָאֲדָמָה וְאֶת כָּל הַנַּעֲשֶׂה, נִתְמַלְּאוּ פַּחַד רַב וְאָמְרוּ: “בֶּאֱמֶת בֶּן־אֱלֹהִים הָיָה זֶה!”

מרקוס ה 15 הֵם בָּאוּ אֶל יֵשׁוּעַ וְרָאוּ אֶת אֲחוּז הַשֵּׁדִים אֲשֶׁר דָּבַק בּוֹ הַלִּגְיוֹן, וְהוּא יוֹשֵׁב לָבוּשׁ, שָׁפוּי בְּדַעְתּוֹ. פַּחַד נָפַל עֲלֵיהֶם.

מרקוס ו 20 מִשּׁוּם שֶׁהוֹרְדוֹס פָּחַד מִיּוֹחָנָן וְשָׁמַר עָלָיו בְּיָדְעוֹ שֶׁיּוֹחָנָן אִישׁ צַדִּיק וְקָדוֹשׁ; הוּא הָיָה שׁוֹמֵעַ אֶת דְּבָרָיו בְּרָצוֹן אַף כִּי בָּא בִּמְבוּכָה רַבָּה בְּשָׁמְעוֹ

לוקס ח 35 הַתּוֹשָׁבִים יָצְאוּ לִרְאוֹת מַה קָּרָה. בְּבוֹאָם אֶל יֵשׁוּעַ מָצְאוּ אֶת הָאִישׁ שֶׁהַשֵּׁדִים יָצְאוּ מִתּוֹכוֹ, וְהוּא יוֹשֵׁב לְרַגְלֵי יֵשׁוּעַ לָבוּשׁ וְשָׁפוּי בְּדַעְתּוֹ. פַּחַד מִלֵּא

Let’s look at a few of these Scripture verses. The first one is 1 Samuel 11:7 which states, 11:7 He took a yoke of oxen and cut them in pieces, and sent them throughout the territory of Israel by the hand of messengers, saying, ‘Whoever does not come out after Saul and after Samuel, so shall it be done to his oxen.’ Then the dread of the Lord fell on the people (וַיִּפֹּל פַּֽחַד־יְהוָה עַל־הָעָם), and they came out as one man. (NASB) The next occurrence of פַּחַד  is in Isaiah 2:10 which states, 2:10 Enter the rock and hide in the dust From the terror of the Lord (מִפְּנֵי פַּחַד יְהוָה) and from the splendor of His majesty. (NASB) Jeremiah 30:5 states the following, כִּי־כֹה אָמַר יְהוָה קוֹל חֲרָדָה שָׁמָעְנוּ פַּחַד וְאֵין שָׁלֽוֹם 30:5 ‘For thus says the Lord, ‘I have heard a sound of terror, Of dread (פַּחַד), and there is no peace. (NASB) In these few references, we can see how the usage of this word פַּחַד is used in a significantly different way as opposed to the word יִראָה. Going through the remainder of the verses show similar usage, as is פַּחַד “fright, dismay, dread, terror, consternation” is quite different from יִראָה.

The Scientific research discusses this topic of statistical mechanics where probabilities are real and nonnegative, whereas in the framework of quantum entanglement one uses Quasi-probabilities which are able to assume negative and nonreal (imaginary / complex) values. This mathematical construct allows for greater information processing for higher precision in Metrology. As I had mentioned, the “Spiritual Insight” is in the sense of comparing our lives with or without interaction with the Creator God in Heaven.  The effect of the Lord God in our lives, and our faith in Yeshua, increases our potential. These things are related to the way these two words are being used in the Scriptures, פַּחַד and יִראָה. What we are seeing here is how the Lord God works in our lives to not פַּחַד fear men or any situation in this life. If we look at Matthew 10:16, we see how Yeshua was describing our calling as His disciples. He said, “Behold, I am sending you out as sheep in the midst of wolves, so be wise as serpents and innocent as doves.” What an image he is giving us right? Sheep in the midst of wolves! Who are these wolves that Yeshua is speaking about? Reading on we see in Matthew 10:17-23, the wolves consists of some religious leaders (10:17), some political figures and government officials (10:18), and even some family members (10:21-22). These wolves will insult, imprison, ostracize, and even try to kill us. Even our own family members will seek to do this. When Yeshua calls us to follow him, he is not calling us to a life of ease and recreation. He is calling us to follow him as sheep in the midst of wolves. In verse 10:22, Yeshua makes his disciples a promise saying, “And you will be hated for my name’s sake.” These things speak to the power of God in our lives, as His people, He will help us to overcome these things and not fear man, but to fear the Lord. When we struggle to fear the Lord and instead fear people, this is ultimately because we believe the threats of the people more than we believe in the promises of God! The problem of fear of men is a faith problem, which is the point of Matthew 10:29-31.

Matthew 10:29-31

10:29 ‘Are not two sparrows sold for a cent? And yet not one of them will fall to the ground apart from your Father. 10:30 ‘But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. 10:31 ‘So do not fear; you are more valuable than many sparrows. (NASB)

At the end of the day, the question we are faced with is an issue of faith. When we fear people instead of fearing God we should ask ourselves these questions.

  • If following Yeshua means losing my life, will the Lord God take care of me?
  • If being faithful to God means losing all of the things that I own (the things I treasure) in this world, will the Lord God be enough for me?
  • Does God love me enough to take care of me?

These are very important questions and when we realize that God is the creator of all things, He is powerful, He is also Lord over all, we can with confidence say to those who threaten our lives “what, all you are doing is threatening me with heaven!” Right? When the Lord God and His presence is in our lives, we do not have to be afraid, in fact, we won’t be afraid! Just as Paul wrote to Timothy saying in 2 Timothy 1:7, “For God has not given us a spirit of fear, but of power and of love and of a sound mind” (NKJV). A spirit of fearfulness and timidity does not come from God. This is what Scientific research draws out for us in the sense of statistical mechanics in the framework of quantum entanglement involving Quasi-probabilities which are able to assume positive, negative, and even nonreal (imaginary / complex) values. The presence of the Lord in our lives adds the additional components of strength, and peace, and courage in the midst of the intimidation tactics of the world. John wrote The one who fears is not made perfect in love” (1 John 4:18). Isaiah 41:10 encourages us, “Do not fear, for I am with you; Do not anxiously look about you, for I am your God I will strengthen you, surely I will help you, Surely I will uphold you with My righteous right hand.” Often we fear the future and what will become of us. Yeshua however reminds us that God cares for the birds of the air, so how much more will He provide for His children? “So don’t be afraid; you are worth more than many sparrows” (Matthew 10:31). David wrote in Tehillim / Psalm 56:11 “In God I trust; I will not be afraid. What can man do to me?” This the testimony that God gives to us, one of power, and of trusting in the Lord! David said regardless of what happens, he will trust in God because he knows and understands the power of God. This is what it means to turn to God even in the darkest times and trusting Him to make things right. This trust comes from knowing God and knowing that He is good. As Job said when he was experiencing some of the most difficult trials recorded in the Bible, “Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him” (Job 13:15). Isn’t this very similar to what Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego stated to King Nebuchadnezzar according to Daniel 3:16-18? (עֲנ֗וֹ שַׁדְרַ֤ךְ מֵישַׁךְ֙ וַעֲבֵ֣ד נְג֔וֹ וְאָמְרִ֖ין לְמַלְכָּ֑א נְבֽוּכַדְנֶצַּ֔ר לָֽא־חַשְׁחִ֨ין אֲנַ֧חְנָה עַל־דְּנָ֛ה פִּתְגָ֖ם לַהֲתָבוּתָֽךְ׃ Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego said in reply to the king, “O Nebuchadnezzar, we have no need to answer you in this matter, הֵ֣ן אִיתַ֗י אֱלָהַ֙נָא֙ דִּֽי־אֲנַ֣חְנָא פָֽלְחִ֔ין יָכִ֖ל לְשֵׁיזָבוּתַ֑נָא מִן־אַתּ֨וּן נוּרָ֧א יָקִֽדְתָּ֛א וּמִן־יְדָ֥ךְ מַלְכָּ֖א יְשֵׁיזִֽב׃ for if so it must be, our God whom we serve is able to save us from the burning fiery furnace, and He will save us from your power, O king. וְהֵ֣ן לָ֔א יְדִ֥יעַ לֶהֱוֵא־לָ֖ךְ מַלְכָּ֑א דִּ֤י לאלהיך [לֵֽאלָהָךְ֙] לָא־איתינא [אִיתַ֣נָא] פָֽלְחִ֔ין וּלְצֶ֧לֶם דַּהֲבָ֛א דִּ֥י הֲקֵ֖ימְתָּ לָ֥א נִסְגֻּֽד׃ (ס) But even if He does not, be it known to you, O king, that we will not serve your god or worship the statue of gold that you have set up.”) These mathematical constructs for quantum negativity speak to the way in which God works in our lives, giving us confidence, fearlessness, and courage to stand strong in Faith and Faithfulness! By putting faith into action, we learn to put our trust in God, and we will no longer be afraid of the things that come against us. We will be like the psalmist who said with confidence “…let all who take refuge in you be glad; let them ever sing for joy. Spread your protection over them, that those who love your name may rejoice in you” (Tehillim / Psalm 5:11). Therefore, having faith and believing in Yeshua, believing in the God of Israel, and receiving God’s Holy Spirit into our hearts and our lives, we can confidently say to those around us, “What exactly can you do to me, kill me? You are simply threatening me with Heaven!” We who belong to the Lord God of Israel do not fear what man may do to the body, one should in fact fear the one who is able to destroy both the body and the soul in the fire and judgment of hell. 

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Dr. Duane D. Miller received his Ph.D., M.S., and B.S. Degree in Chemical Engineering from The University of Akron Ohio. He is currently a Chemical Engineering Researcher. Duane’s research expertise has focused upon functional materials development for the control, conversion, and release of process gases in Energy production technologies. His R&D interests include computational chemistry, developing novel technologies for converting biomass to fuels and studying their fundamental interactions during the chemical conversion process. His past experience includes sorbent development for pre- and post-combustion CO2 and SO2 capture, selective absorption of H2S from methane streams, O2 capture for oxy-fuel combustion, photocatalytic reduction of alcohols, NOx reduction catalysis, the development of oxygen carriers to combust fossil fuels (CH4 and coal) for the chemical looping combustion processes, and the extraction of rare earth elements using patent pending sorbents. His research expertise has focused on operando-characterization using Infrared, Raman, and UV-Vis spectroscopy to observe the nature of the catalytic active sites and reaction intermediates under realistic reaction conditions, allowing direct correlation of molecular/electronic structures with catalyst performance during Gas-Solid / Liquid-Solid Adsorption and Photocatalytic Processes with real time online analysis of reaction products using ICP-MS and mass spectrometry. His current work involves a multi-disciplinary approach to developing, understanding, and improving the catalytic gasification of coal and methane, high temperature chemical looping combustion, and the catalytic decomposition and gasification of biomass and coal using novel microwave reactor.​ He has been studying the Hebrew Scriptures and the Torah for 20+ years and sharing what he has learned. The studies developed for MATSATI.COM are freely to be used by everyone, to God be the Glory!