Discovery of Quantum Behavior in Insulators Suggests Possible New Particle – A Spiritual Insight

0
168

Recently, physicists observed a phenomenon known as quantum oscillation in an insulator material. [1] In condensed matter physics, Quantum oscillations describe a series of experimental techniques used to map the Fermi surface of a metal in the presence of a strong magnetic field. These are based on the principle of Landau quantization of Fermions moving in a magnetic field. The Fermi surface is the surface in reciprocal space which separates occupied from unoccupied electron states. The Fermi level is at the top of the valence band, or the bottom of the conduction band, the point at which all orbitals are filled with electrons which is on the edge of the energy band gap in materials. The shape of the Fermi surface is derived from the periodicity and symmetry of the crystalline lattice and from the occupation of electronic energy bands. The existence of a Fermi surface is a direct consequence of the Pauli exclusion principle which allows a maximum of one electron per quantum state. Typically Quantum oscillations are observed in metals rather than in insulators. This new discovery offers new insights into the understanding of the quantum world. These findings also hint at the possibility of the existence of an entirely new type of quantum particle.

References

  1. Pengjie Wang et al, “Landau quantization and highly mobile fermions in an insulator,” Nature (2021). DOI: 10.1038/s41586-020-03084-9

This new discovery challenges the previously held theory of materials as insulators were not thought to be able to experience quantum oscillations. The researchers interpret these findings believing they are observing a fundamentally new form of quantum matter. There may be a whole new world hidden at the quantum level for insulators opening up much opportunity for research and study of this phenomenon. Quantum Oscillations have been the calling card for metals and the differentiating factor for insulators. In metals electrons are highly mobile where the resistance to electron movement (electrical conduction) is very low. For insulators, electrons are not mobile and the resistance to electron movement is very high, this is why the material is called an insulator. Nearly 100 years ago, scientists observed that a magnetic field coupled with very low temperatures can cause electrons to shift from a classical state to a quantum state. This shift in states results in oscillations in the metals resistivity. Due to an insulators high resistivity to electron movement, it was believed this is impossible regardless of how strong the magnetic field is applied.  

In this research [1] the material used was tungsten ditelluride (WTe2). They shaped this material into a 2-dimensional structure, and then used scotch tape to remove layers of the material until it became a monolayer which is a single atom thick.  Tungsten ditelluride behaves as a metal, however, when reduced to a monolayer, it becomes a strong insulator. The researchers measured the resistivity of the monolayer material (WTe2) using magnetic fields. By measuring the resistivity in this way, their particular experimental technique led to the observation of oscillations in the resistivity which suggest the electrons shifted into a quantum state. The conclusions based upon the data reveal a remarkable quantum property of a metal. Now because of the long held belief in the theory that insulators do not exhibit quantum oscillations, their hypothesis is that the oscillations are not electrons but instead a new particle that they call “neutral fermions.” In particle physics a fermion is a particle that follows the Fermi-Dirac statistics and generally has half odd integer spin 1/2, 3/2, etc. These particles obey the Pauli exclusion principle. Notice the definition of a Fermion is that it is “a particle,” therefore, Fermions included particles such as quarks and leptons, as well as all composite particles made of odd numbers of these such as baryons and many other atoms and nuclei including electrons. In quantum materials, fermions can be negatively charged electrons (e-) or positively charged particles (called “holes”) that are instrumental (responsible) for electrical conduction. When a material is an insulator, these charged Fermions cannot move freely.  However, this oscillation behavior may be possible for neutral particles. The current efforts now are to learn whether their hypothesis of a new quantum particle is a valid one. If their theory is correct, other researchers should be able to find other insulators that also exhibit this behavior. The applications for this type of research are related to encoding systems that are used in quantum computing. Much research however is needed in order to fully understand the quantum phenomenon.

The Spiritual Insights that we receive from this type of research is related to this idea of quantum oscillations. In the scientific research, the electrons are oscillating between two states, two positions, and this is something the Scriptures tend to draw out and the Lord God is explicitly clear about the problems of wavering between two positions in regards to His Torah (His instruction). The book of Judges seems to draw this aspect out according to Judges chapter 1.

ספר שופטים פרק א

יז   וַיֵּלֶךְ יְהוּדָה אֶת-שִׁמְעוֹן אָחִיו וַיַּכּוּ אֶת-הַכְּנַעֲנִי יוֹשֵׁב צְפַת וַיַּחֲרִימוּ אוֹתָהּ וַיִּקְרָא אֶת-שֵׁם-הָעִיר חָרְמָה: יח   וַיִּלְכֹּד יְהוּדָה אֶת-עַזָּה וְאֶת-גְּבוּלָהּ וְאֶת-אַשְׁקְלוֹן וְאֶת-גְּבוּלָהּ וְאֶת-עֶקְרוֹן וְאֶת-גְּבוּלָהּ: יט   וַיְהִי יְהֹוָה אֶת-יְהוּדָה וַיֹּרֶשׁ אֶת-הָהָר כִּי לֹא לְהוֹרִישׁ אֶת-יֹשְׁבֵי הָעֵמֶק כִּי-רֶכֶב בַּרְזֶל לָהֶם: כ   וַיִּתְּנוּ לְכָלֵב אֶת-חֶבְרוֹן כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר מֹשֶׁה וַיּוֹרֶשׁ מִשָּׁם אֶת-שְׁלשָׁה בְּנֵי הָעֲנָק: כא   וְאֶת-הַיְבוּסִי יֹשֵׁב יְרוּשָׁלַם לֹא הוֹרִישׁוּ בְּנֵי בִנְיָמִן וַיֵּשֶׁב הַיְבוּסִי אֶת-בְּנֵי בִנְיָמִן בִּירוּשָׁלַם עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה:       כב   וַיַּעֲלוּ בֵית-יוֹסֵף גַּם-הֵם בֵּית-אֵל וַיהֹוָה עִמָּם: כג   וַיָּתִירוּ בֵית-יוֹסֵף בְּבֵית-אֵל וְשֵׁם-הָעִיר לְפָנִים לוּז: כד   וַיִּרְאוּ הַשֹּׁמְרִים אִישׁ יוֹצֵא מִן-הָעִיר וַיֹּאמְרוּ לוֹ הַרְאֵנוּ נָא אֶת-מְבוֹא הָעִיר וְעָשִֹינוּ עִמְּךָ חָסֶד: כה   וַיַּרְאֵם אֶת-מְבוֹא הָעִיר וַיַּכּוּ אֶת-הָעִיר לְפִי-חָרֶב וְאֶת-הָאִישׁ וְאֶת-כָּל-מִשְׁפַּחְתּוֹ שִׁלֵּחוּ: כו   וַיֵּלֶךְ הָאִישׁ אֶרֶץ הַחִתִּים וַיִּבֶן עִיר וַיִּקְרָא שְׁמָהּ לוּז הוּא שְׁמָהּ עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה:       כז   וְלֹא-הוֹרִישׁ מְנַשֶּׁה אֶת-בֵּית-שְׁאָן וְאֶת-בְּנוֹתֶיהָ וְאֶת-תַּעְנַךְ וְאֶת-בְּנֹתֶיהָ וְאֶת-יֹשְׁבֵ [יֹשְׁבֵי] דוֹר וְאֶת-בְּנוֹתֶיהָ וְאֶת-יוֹשְׁבֵי יִבְלְעָם וְאֶת-בְּנֹתֶיהָ וְאֶת-יוֹשְׁבֵי מְגִדּוֹ וְאֶת-בְּנוֹתֶיהָ וַיּוֹאֶל הַכְּנַעֲנִי לָשֶׁבֶת בָּאָרֶץ הַזֹּאת: כח   וַיְהִי כִּי-חָזַק יִשְֹרָאֵל וַיָּשֶֹם אֶת-הַכְּנַעֲנִי לָמַס וְהוֹרֵישׁ לֹא הוֹרִישׁוֹ:       כט   וְאֶפְרַיִם לֹא הוֹרִישׁ אֶת-הַכְּנַעֲנִי הַיּוֹשֵׁב בְּגָזֶר וַיֵּשֶׁב הַכְּנַעֲנִי בְּקִרְבּוֹ בְּגָזֶר:       ל   זְבוּלֻון לֹא הוֹרִישׁ אֶת-יוֹשְׁבֵי קִטְרוֹן וְאֶת-יוֹשְׁבֵי נַהֲלֹל וַיֵּשֶׁב הַכְּנַעֲנִי בְּקִרְבּוֹ וַיִּהְיוּ לָמַס:       לא   אָשֵׁר לֹא הוֹרִישׁ אֶת-יֹשְׁבֵי עַכּוֹ וְאֶת-יוֹשְׁבֵי צִידוֹן וְאֶת-אַחְלָב וְאֶת-אַכְזִיב וְאֶת-חֶלְבָּה וְאֶת-אֲפִיק וְאֶת-רְחֹב: לב   וַיֵּשֶׁב הָאָשֵׁרִי בְּקֶרֶב הַכְּנַעֲנִי יֹשְׁבֵי הָאָרֶץ כִּי לֹא הוֹרִישׁוֹ:       לג   נַפְתָּלִי לֹא-הוֹרִישׁ אֶת-יֹשְׁבֵי בֵית-שֶׁמֶשׁ וְאֶת-יֹשְׁבֵי בֵית-עֲנָת וַיֵּשֶׁב בְּקֶרֶב הַכְּנַעֲנִי יֹשְׁבֵי הָאָרֶץ וְיֹשְׁבֵי בֵית-שֶׁמֶשׁ וּבֵית עֲנָת הָיוּ לָהֶם לָמַס:       לד   וַיִּלְחֲצוּ הָאֱמֹרִי אֶת-בְּנֵי-דָן הָהָרָה כִּי-לֹא נְתָנוֹ לָרֶדֶת לָעֵמֶק: לה   וַיּוֹאֶל הָאֱמֹרִי לָשֶׁבֶת בְּהַר-חֶרֶס בְּאַיָּלוֹן וּבְשַׁעַלְבִים וַתִּכְבַּד יַד בֵּית-יוֹסֵף וַיִּהְיוּ לָמַס: לו   וּגְבוּל הָאֱמֹרִי מִמַּעֲלֵה עַקְרַבִּים מֵהַסֶּלַע וָמָעְלָה:       

Judges 1:17-36

1:17 Then Judah went with Simeon his brother, and they struck the Canaanites living in Zephath, and utterly destroyed it. So the name of the city was called Hormah. 1:18 And Judah took Gaza with its territory and Ashkelon with its territory and Ekron with its territory. 1:19 Now the Lord was with Judah, and they took possession of the hill country; but they could not drive out the inhabitants of the valley because they had iron chariots. 1:20 Then they gave Hebron to Caleb, as Moses had promised; and he drove out from there the three sons of Anak. 1:21 But the sons of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites who lived in Jerusalem; so the Jebusites have lived with the sons of Benjamin in Jerusalem to this day. 1:22 Likewise the house of Joseph went up against Bethel, and the Lord was with them. 1:23 The house of Joseph spied out Bethel (now the name of the city was formerly Luz). 1:24 The spies saw a man coming out of the city and they said to him, ‘Please show us the entrance to the city and we will treat you kindly.’ 1:25 So he showed them the entrance to the city, and they struck the city with the edge of the sword, but they let the man and all his family go free. 1:26 The man went into the land of the Hittites and built a city and named it Luz which is its name to this day. 1:27 But Manasseh did not take possession of Beth-shean and its villages, or Taanach and its villages, or the inhabitants of Dor and its villages, or the inhabitants of Ibleam and its villages, or the inhabitants of Megiddo and its villages; so the Canaanites persisted in living in that land. 1:28 It came about when Israel became strong, that they put the Canaanites to forced labor, but they did not drive them out completely. 1:29 Ephraim did not drive out the Canaanites who were living in Gezer; so the Canaanites lived in Gezer among them. 1:30 Zebulun did not drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, or the inhabitants of Nahalol; so the Canaanites lived among them and became subject to forced labor. 1:31 Asher did not drive out the inhabitants of Acco, or the inhabitants of Sidon, or of Ahlab, or of Achzib, or of Helbah, or of Aphik, or of Rehob. 1:32 So the Asherites lived among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land; for they did not drive them out. 1:33 Naphtali did not drive out the inhabitants of Beth-shemesh, or the inhabitants of Beth-anath, but lived among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land; and the inhabitants of Beth-shemesh and Beth-anath became forced labor for them. 1:34 Then the Amorites forced the sons of Dan into the hill country, for they did not allow them to come down to the valley; 1:35 yet the Amorites persisted in living in Mount Heres, in Aijalon and in Shaalbim; but when the power of the house of Joseph grew strong, they became forced labor. 1:36 The border of the Amorites ran from the ascent of Akrabbim, from Sela and upward.

While reading through Shoftim / Judges chapter 1, there was something interesting that we observe. According to Judges 1:17-19, we see Judah and Benjamin going up and driving out the inhabitants. We are told there are a couple instances in which they were unable to drive them out, but they made the attempt to do so. (see Judges 1:19 and 1:21) Starting with Beit Yoseph (house of Joseph) however, we are told the men made an agreement with a man to show them the way into the city (Bethel, Judges 1:23-25). The tribes Manasseh, Ephraim, Asher, and Naphtali all appear to not even try to drive out the inhabitants as we read all the way to the end of chapter 1. The text states that they simply לָמַ֑ס put them into forced labor. Reading through Judges 1 reveals to us an interesting insight. They make a major mistake that leads to future sin against God as they לֹ֥א הוֹרִישֽׁוֹ (“did not drive him out”) and וַיֵּ֧שֶׁב הַֽכְּנַעֲנִ֛י בְּקִרְבּ֖וֹ בְּגָֽזֶר (“and the Canaanites dwelled in their midst in gezer”). What we are seeing here are differences in behavior when comparing Benjamin and Judah to  Manasseh, Ephraim, Asher, and Naphtali. The differences are that Benjamin and Judah tried to drive out the inhabitants, while  Manasseh, Ephraim, Asher, and Naphtali did not. This is related to one attempting to obey God’s Word as opposed to simply not trying. Whether one should obey the commands of God or whether one doesn’t need to. This tends to parallel the scientific research from the sense of oscillating between two opinions. This is kind of what is going on today in modern theologies such as dispensationalism in relation to the mitzvot (commands) of God. When we study the history of Israel, we note how Judah and Benjamin remained faithful to God way beyond the other tribes. Allowing the people to live in their midst, and regardless of their enslaving them, these people, their ideologies, their deities, led to their eventual downfall. As soon as Judges 2 we see this taking place! Judges 1 shows us how compromising God’s Word, His Mitzvot, may not have immediate consequences, but in the long run has devastating results. 

Elijah actually makes this statement concerning the idea of oscillating between two positions when he was confronting the prophets of Baal and the people of Israel.

ספר מלכים א פרק יח

כא   וַיִּגַּשׁ אֵלִיָּהוּ אֶל-כָּל-הָעָם וַיֹּאמֶר עַד-מָתַי אַתֶּם פֹּסְחִים עַל-שְׁתֵּי הַסְּעִפִּים אִם-יְהֹוָה הָאֱלֹהִים לְכוּ אַחֲרָיו וְאִם-הַבַּעַל לְכוּ אַחֲרָיו וְלֹא-עָנוּ הָעָם אֹתוֹ דָּבָר:

1 Kings 18:21

Elijah went before the people and said, “How long will you waver between two opinions? If the LORD is God, follow him; but if Baal is God, follow him.” But the people said nothing. 

If we consider what is taking place here, these things reveal how easy it is to compromise the Word of God by simply not saying anything. The world is filled with many pleasurable things that can make us crave for instant gratification. However, standing firm and knowing that what God has promised will help us to remain faithful. The most important aspect of this is we need the Lord God Almighty, His presence in our lives. Without the presence of God in our lives, we won’t be successful.

Consider what the NT text states concerning these things.

James 1:5-8

1:5 But if any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all generously and without reproach, and it will be given to him. 1:6 But he must ask in faith without any doubting, for the one who doubts is like the surf of the sea, driven and tossed by the wind. 1:7 For that man ought not to expect that he will receive anything from the Lord, 1:8 being a double-minded man, unstable in all his ways. (NASB)

When thinking on what James is saying about having doubt and being tossed two and fro by the surf of the sea, This reminds us of the waves of the ocean. The waves of the ocean oscillate similar to the sine function in trigonometry and so this functions as an example of oscillatory behavior between two positions. When a person oscillates between two positions, such as one who claims to be a Christian and holds liberal ideologies, this double-minded ideology, based on what James is saying, this person should not expect to receive anything from the Lord! Consider the men in Matthew 7, they stand before God at the judgment seat, and the Lamb of God tells them he does not know them. Let’s read the text:

Matthew 7:21-23

7:21 ‘Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father who is in heaven will enter 7:22 ‘Many will say to Me on that day, ‘Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in Your name, and in Your name cast out demons, and in Your name perform many miracles?’ 7:23 ‘And then I will declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness.’ (NASB)

Luke 13:23-28

13:23 And someone said to Him, ‘Lord, are there just a few who are being saved?’ And He said to them, 13:24 ‘Strive to enter through the narrow door; for many, I tell you, will seek to enter and will not be able. 13:25 ‘Once the head of the house gets up and shuts the door, and you begin to stand outside and knock on the door, saying, ‘Lord, open up to us!’ then He will answer and say to you, ‘I do not know where you are from.’ 13:26 ‘Then you will begin to say, ‘We ate and drank in Your presence, and You taught in our streets’; 13:27 and He will say, ‘I tell you, I do not know where you are from; depart from Me, all you evildoers.’ 13:28 ‘In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth when you see Abraham and Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the kingdom of God, but yourselves being thrown out. (NASB)

We note in Matthew 7:27 how Yeshua tells those who are not his to depart from him, that he never knew them, and this is because they live their lives in ἀνομίαν (without Law, Matthew 7:23). The Hebrew text translates the Greek to say, אָז אוֹדִיעַ לָהֶם: ‘מֵעוֹלָם לֹא הִכַּרְתִּי אֶתְכֶם, סוּרוּ מִמֶּנִּי עוֹשֵׂי רֶשַׁע’ Here the word ‘מֵעוֹלָם can be used in the sense of “the world” or from the sense of time as “eternity” or “ancient times.” This word is very descriptive of the timeframe in which Yeshua is speaking in relation to his knowing or recognizing his people. This may suggest that there was never a time when Yeshua recognized such person who say one thing and live their lives in lawlessness. The Hebrew text translates “then he made known to them, I do not recognize (לֹא הִכַּרְתִּי) you, depart from me worker of wickedness.” The idea of working wickedness (רֶשַׁע’) is synonymous to being lawless. This is the very thing that is being described here in the book of Judges. The people were not obeying God’s command, and so they wavered between conquering the land driving out all of the people and allowing some of the people to remain. These are the things the scientific research on quantum oscillations are drawing out for us today! Ultimately, ancient Israel gave some of their sons and daughters to marry these people, and likewise, those people gave their sons and daughters to Israel to intermarry. This led to Israel becoming familiar with the way of the nations and how they served their gods, as the text states: 

Judges 2:10-13

וַיִּקְבְּר֤וּ אוֹתוֹ֙ בִּגְב֣וּל נַחֲלָת֔וֹ בְּתִמְנַת־חֶ֖רֶס בְּהַ֣ר אֶפְרָ֑יִם מִצְּפ֖וֹן לְהַר־גָּֽעַשׁ׃ וְגַם֙ כָּל־הַדּ֣וֹר הַה֔וּא נֶאֶסְפ֖וּ אֶל־אֲבוֹתָ֑יו וַיָּקָם֩ דּ֨וֹר אַחֵ֜ר אַחֲרֵיהֶ֗ם אֲשֶׁ֤ר לֹא־יָֽדְעוּ֙ אֶת־יְהוָ֔ה וְגַם֙ אֶת־הַֽמַּעֲשֶׂ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשָׂ֖ה לְיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ וַיַּעֲשׂ֧וּ בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל אֶת־הָרַ֖ע בְּעֵינֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה וַיַּעַבְד֖וּ אֶת־הַבְּעָלִֽים׃ וַיַּעַזְב֞וּ אֶת־יְהוָ֣ה׀ אֱלֹהֵ֣י אֲבוֹתָ֗ם הַמּוֹצִ֣יא אוֹתָם֮ מֵאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַיִם֒ וַיֵּלְכ֞וּ אַחֲרֵ֣י׀ אֱלֹהִ֣ים אֲחֵרִ֗ים מֵאֱלֹהֵ֤י הָֽעַמִּים֙ אֲשֶׁר֙ סְבִיב֣וֹתֵיהֶ֔ם וַיִּֽשְׁתַּחֲו֖וּ לָהֶ֑ם וַיַּכְעִ֖סוּ אֶת־יְהוָֽה׃ וַיַּעַזְב֖וּ אֶת־יְהוָ֑ה וַיַּעַבְד֥וּ לַבַּ֖עַל וְלָעַשְׁתָּרֽוֹת׃

2:10 All that generation also were gathered to their fathers; and there arose another generation after them who did not know the Lord, nor yet the work which He had done for Israel. 2:11 Then the sons of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord and served the Baals, 2:12 and they forsook the Lord, the God of their fathers, who had brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods from among the gods of the peoples who were around them, and bowed themselves down to them; thus they provoked the Lord to anger. 2:13 So they forsook the Lord and served Baal and the Ashtaroth. (NASB)

This may be an example of children who are not taught God’s Word, and instructed on how to live for the Lord. In summary, there are consequences to choosing to live in two positions and oscillating between these positions depending upon what day of the week it is. These people in the Scriptures first served God, they feared Him, and they kept His commands. Because the older generation kept the memory of these things alive, speaking to the people the wonders of God. We note that this generation of children was raised 40 years in the wilderness to know the Lord. Then a second generation rose up that did not know the Lord of His work for Israel. This generation forsook the Lord God and turned to other gods, the gods of the nations, in this instance Baal. As a result of the forsaking of God and His Word, the Lord brought judgment upon the people. These things teach us that when the knowledge of God is preserved in a community, especially by those who personally experienced God’s power, faith is nourished and obedience flourishes.  In addition, if parents allow their children to grow up without the knowledge of God, the children will serve sin which leads to their eventual destruction. And finally, it is the duty of all parents to teach their children about God and his saving work in their lives. This is so the next generation of children will respect God, His Word, and live their lives for Him. The most important text from the Tanakh is found in Devarim / Deuteronomy 6:4-9, the Shema which states, ד   שְׁמַע יִשְֹרָאֵל יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֵינוּ יְהוָֹה | אֶחָד: ה   וְאָהַבְתָּ אֵת יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּכָל-לְבָבְךָ וּבְכָל-נַפְשְׁךָ וּבְכָל-מְאֹדֶךָ: ו   וְהָיוּ הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי מְצַוְּךָ הַיּוֹם עַל-לְבָבֶךָ: ז   וְשִׁנַּנְתָּם לְבָנֶיךָ וְדִבַּרְתָּ בָּם בְּשִׁבְתְּךָ בְּבֵיתֶךָ וּבְלֶכְתְּךָ בַדֶּרֶךְ וּבְשָׁכְבְּךָ וּבְקוּמֶךָ: ח   וּקְשַׁרְתָּם לְאוֹת עַל-יָדֶךָ וְהָיוּ לְטֹטָפֹת בֵּין עֵינֶיךָ: ט   וּכְתַבְתָּם עַל-מְזֻזוֹת בֵּיתֶךָ וּבִשְׁעָרֶיךָ: 6:4 ‘Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord is one! 6:5 ‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might. 6:6 ‘These words, which I am commanding you today, shall be on your heart. 6:7 You shall teach them diligently to your sons and shall talk of them when you sit in your house and when you walk by the way and when you lie down and when you rise up. 6:8 ‘You shall bind them as a sign on your hand and they shall be as frontals on your forehead. 6:9 ‘You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates. (NASB) Yeshua said these are the greatest commands, not this incorporates teaching your children. In the Shema we learn how we are to listen to the Lord, we are to love Him and obey Him, and we are to teach our children about Him, all of these things are meant such that we do not oscillate between two positions as the generation of people did in the book of Judges. Note, teaching your children liberalism will lead to their eventual destruction because liberal ideologies are not compatible with the faith! We must be diligent to seek the Lord, to walk in His ways, to believe in Yeshua the Messiah, and seek God’s help for us to overcome sin in our lives!

Previous articleWatch Dr. Duane D. Miller PhD explain the First Glimpse of Polarons forming in a Promising Next-Gen Energy Material – A Spiritual Insight
Next articleThe Lord God Almighty as both a Redeemer and a Destroyer, פרשת בא, Parashat Bo, Bits of Torah Truths – Digging Deeper
Dr. Duane D. Miller received his Ph.D., M.S., and B.S. Degree in Chemical Engineering from The University of Akron Ohio. He is currently a Chemical Engineering Researcher. Duane’s research expertise has focused upon functional materials development for the control, conversion, and release of process gases in Energy production technologies. His R&D interests include computational chemistry, developing novel technologies for converting biomass to fuels and studying their fundamental interactions during the chemical conversion process. His past experience includes sorbent development for pre- and post-combustion CO2 and SO2 capture, selective absorption of H2S from methane streams, O2 capture for oxy-fuel combustion, photocatalytic reduction of alcohols, NOx reduction catalysis, the development of oxygen carriers to combust fossil fuels (CH4 and coal) for the chemical looping combustion processes, and the extraction of rare earth elements using patent pending sorbents. His research expertise has focused on operando-characterization using Infrared, Raman, and UV-Vis spectroscopy to observe the nature of the catalytic active sites and reaction intermediates under realistic reaction conditions, allowing direct correlation of molecular/electronic structures with catalyst performance during Gas-Solid / Liquid-Solid Adsorption and Photocatalytic Processes with real time online analysis of reaction products using ICP-MS and mass spectrometry. His current work involves a multi-disciplinary approach to developing, understanding, and improving the catalytic gasification of coal and methane, high temperature chemical looping combustion, and the catalytic decomposition and gasification of biomass and coal using novel microwave reactor.​ He has been studying the Hebrew Scriptures and the Torah for 20+ years and sharing what he has learned. The studies developed for MATSATI.COM are freely to be used by everyone, to God be the Glory!